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ABSTRACT. An azo quinoline ligand, (E)-2-((4-iodophenyl)diazenyl)-8-hydroxyquinoline (IPDHQ), was synthesized by the coupling reaction of 4-iodoaniline diazonium salt with 8-hydroxyquinoline. The synthesized ligand and its Cd(II), Pd(II), Cu(II) and Hg(II) complexes were spectrally characterized by UV‒Vis spectrophotometry, FT-IR, mass spectral analysis, 1H-NMR, magnetic sensitivity and molar conductivity. The general formula of the Cd(II), Cu(II) and Hg(II) complexes is [M(L)2].Cl2.H2O with octahedral geometry, while the general formula of the Pd(II) complex is [M(L).Cl2].H2O with square planer geometry. A simple and rapid spectrophotometric procedure was suggested for the determination of Hg(II) using the synthesized ligand as a spectrophotometric reagent. By measuring the absorbance for the resulting orange complex at 430 nm, the linearity range was 0.5-15 µg mL-1, and the interfering effect was also studied. The synthesized azo ligand and its Hg(Ⅱ) complex were tested for their biological activity against four bacterial strains.
KEY WORDS: Azo quinoline ligand, 8-Hydroxy quinoline, 4-Iodoaniline, Azo metal complexes, Spectrophotometric determination, Biological efficacy study
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2023, 37(6), 1459-1470.