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Preparation of voltammetric sensors for taurine detection from Cu(II)-loaded carbon materials

Fatma Bilge Emre


ABSTRACT. In this study, for the detection of taurine in philological fluids, modified electrodes were prepared from glassy carbon electrodes with MWCNT (multi-wall carbon nanotube) + Cu(NO3)2  + carbon-based material. A carbon-based material was obtained by carbonization of Pinus sylvestris branch needles (CPS). Cu(NO3)2  and MWCNT structure (Cu(NO3)2/MWCNT) were added to the carbon-based material and the obtained mixture was used in the modification of the glassy carbon electrode surface. The surface morphology and structure of the prepared electrodes were characterized by electron microscopy scanning (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Taurine detection with a modified electrode was made by cyclic voltammetry (CV) in 0.1 M KCl (vs. Ag/AgCl). The calibration curve of the modified electrode for taurine in the 10-150 µM range showed a linear response, and R2 value was 0.976. Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the modified electrode were found 19 µM and 9.75 µM, respectively. The application of the electrode as a chemical sensor was carried out with commercially available energy drink samples. Satisfactory results have been obtained from the samples. The sensor can be used for routine taurine analysis. This electrode can quickly determine the amount of taurine in real samples with 90% accuracy in two minutes.

KEY WORDS: Taurine detection, Modified electrode, MWCNT, Sensor, Cyclic voltammetry

Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2023, 37(6), 1565-1576. 

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eISSN: 1726-801X
print ISSN: 1011-3924