Derivative spectrophotometric determination of trace lead in alloys and biological samples after separation and preconcentration with the ion pair of 2-(5-bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-diethylaminophenol and ammonium tetraphenylborate on microcrystalline
Lead is quantitatively retained on 2-(5-bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-diethylaminophenol-ammonium tetraphenylborate with microcrystalline naphthalene or by a column method in the pH range 4.0–6.0 from a large volume of aqueous solutions of various samples. After filtration, the solid mass consisting of the lead complex and naphthalene was dissolved with 5 mL of dimethylformamide and the metal was determined by third derivative spectrophotometry. Lead complex can alternatively be quantitatively adsorbed on ammonium tetraphenylborate-naphthalene adsorbent packed in a column and determined similarly. About 0.2 mg of lead can be concentrated in a column from 300 mL of aqueous sample, where its concentration is as low as 0.7 ng/mL. The interference of a large number of anions and cations has been studied and the optimized conditions developed have been utilized for the trace determination of lead in various samples.
KEY WORDS: Trace lead determination, Derivative spectrophotometry, 2-(5-Bromo-2-pyridylazo)-5-diethylamminophenol, Ammonium tetraphenylborate, Naphthalene
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2003, 17(2), 129-138.