Tetralogy of Fallot and HIV infection in pregnancy: A case report

  • GT Fana
  • T Chipamaunga

Abstract

Objective: To determine blood glucose levels by conducting an oral glucose tolerance test in low and normal birth weight young black adults.

Design: Acase control study was done. Seventy students in the College of Health Sciences who had neonatal clinic cards as proof of birth weight were recruited into the study. Blood glucose levels were measured before, during and after the oral glucose tolerance test.

Setting: Department of Physiology, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Main Outcome Measures and Results: A total of 70 young adult participants, 47(67%) females and 23(33%)males with mean age 20.28±0.19 years were recruited. 30 had Low Birth Weight (LBW, 21 females and 9 males) and 40 had Normal Birth Weight (NBW,26 females and 14 males).LBW individuals had significantly elevated (p<0.05) mean blood glucose levels at 30minutes(9.41±0.91 for LBW and 7.24±0.28 for NBW, p=0.029) and 60 minutes (9.22±0.75 for LBW and 7.57±0.36 for NBW, p=0.035) after the oral glucose tolerance test. Oral glucose tolerance testing detected 1case of type II diabetes (LBW individual), 13cases of impaired glucose tolerance (9 LBW and 4 NBW individuals)and 1 case of impaired fasting glucose (LBW individual).LBW was associated with an odds ratio of 3.1 for impaired glucose tolerance and it was statistically significant, p<0.05 (p=0.027).

Conclusion: Low birth weight was associated with glucose intolerance and significantly higher mean blood glucose levels at 30 and 60 minutes after glucose loading in young adults.

Published
2014-08-04
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0008-9176