East African Journal of Public Health

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Assessment of women‘s knowledge and attitude towards carcinoma of the cervix in Ilala municipality

HM Chande, T Kassim


Main objective: To asses knowledge and attitudes of women towards carcinoma of the cervix in Ilala Municipality.
Methodology: A community based cross-sectional study targeting all women in Ilala municipality. Therefore the sample size was 196 women but for the purpose of this study it was increased up to 201 women.A multistage random sampling procedure was used to select a representative sample. Permission was sought at all the appropriate levels in the form of oral as well as written consent.Only women who were willing to participate in the study were interviewed. A questionnaire was developed and data analysed using Epi info software was used to analyse data. Differences beween proportions found in different groups were tested for statistical significant using chi-squared test.
Results: A total of 210 women were interviewed. A number of respondents were in the age groups 21-30 and 31-40 years and 76.1% of the respondents were aware of carcinoma of the cervix. The most common mentioned risk factors were early marriage (37.1%) and multiparity (36%). Irregular vaginal bleeding was the most common symptom metioned (51.7%.Irrespective of the level of education 98%-100% of all respondents knew the importance of screening for carcinoma of the cervix.
Conclusion: It was therefore concluded that women were aware of carcinoma of the cervix but the knowledge on this disease is still very low.
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