Awareness of Venous thromboembolism among doctors in a Nigerian tertiary centre

  • KI Korubo
  • ON Ekeke
  • HE Omunakwe

Abstract

Background: Venous thromboembolic (VTE) is a preventable leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is a cause of sudden death. Awareness of VTE among doctors will reduce the incidence of unexpected deaths in hospitalised patients.

Objective: To assess doctors’ awareness of venous thromboembolism in our centre.

Design: Cross sectional questionnaire based study.

Setting: University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.

Subjects: One hundred and twenty four doctors attending a hospital grand-rounds session were recruited.

Results: The response rate was 82.7% (124 of 150 questionnaires). Almost half (n=57, 46%) correctly identified VTE, but two (1.6%) did not know what VTE was and 27 (21.8%) stated it to be normal haemostasis. Commonly identified risk factors included: increased body mass index 113 (91.1%), diabetes mellitus 105 (84.7%), pregnancy 105 (84.7%), age 104 (83.9%), and immobility 104 (83.9%). Although clinical features were identified, VTE was acknowledged to be asymptomatic by 62 (50%) responders. About 68 (54.8%) did not know of a VTE risk stratification model and only one (0.8%) had used a model in practice. Responders commonly prescribed anticoagulants for prophylaxis. Although most had come across VTE in practice, 15 (12.1%) had not seen a case of VTE.

Conclusion: The knowledge of VTE was average. There was a gap between knowledge and practice for this preventable disorder. Patients in our centre were not routinely risk stratified for VTE. Updating of medical knowledge is encouraged.

Published
2016-03-02
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0012-835X