Cleft lip and palate: the Jos exprience
AbstractObjective: To determine the pattern of occurrence of cleft lip/palate and the factors that may have influenced treatment outcome.
Design: Descriptive Study.
Setting: Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.
Subject: This study included 107 consecutive patients with cleft lip/palate managed between January 1991 and June 1997.
Main outcome measures: The pattern of occurrence of cleft lip/palate, the peculiarities of the malformation in this environment as well as factors that influenced treatment outcome.
Results: The 107 patients were aged between one day and twenty-six years at presentation. There were three adults aged between 18 and 26 years with a mean of 22.3 years and 104 children with a mean age of 9.5 months. The male/female ratio was 1. 1:1, the anomaly was 2.4 times commoner on the left and the cleft lip alone was the most frequent mode of presentation (52%). The incidence was higher in the 3rd and 4th siblings. In 13% of these patients, there were other associated congenital anomalies such as Van der Woude's Syndrome, Down's Syndrome and congenital heart disease. Complications were noted in 16(14.9%) patients and these included dehiscence after repair in 8(7.5%) patients, oronasal fistulae in 2(1.9%), nasal speech in 4(3.7%) and hypertrophic scar in 2(1.9%). Eighty nine percent of these repairs were satisfactory to the parents of the affected children. All the adult patients were satisfied with their repair.
Conclusion: The low incidence of this anomaly in our environment may be due to underreporting in the rural areas. Public enlightenment programs should help improve early presentation.
(East African Medical Journal: 2002 79(10): 510-513)