Dietary patterns and nutritional status of pre-school children in Nairobi

  • EM Ngatia Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19546 00202, Nairobi, Kenya
  • PM Ng’ang’a Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19676 00202, Nairobi, Kenya
  • JWG Muita Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, University of Nairobi, P. O. Box 442, Uthiru, Nairobi, Kenya
  • J. K. Imungi Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, University of Nairobi, P. O. Box 442, Uthiru, Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract

Objective: To determine the dietary patterns and nutritional status of pre-school children in Nairobi, Kenya.
Design: A cross-sectional study.
Setting: Pre-schools in Nairobi, Kenya.
Subjects: Three hundred and four pre-school children (149 males and 155 females) aged three to five years were assessed.
Results: About 96% of the children had been breastfed 46.7% of them for 12-24 months (46.7%), and the mean breastfeeding duration was 20.17 months. The most commonly consumed foods on a daily basis were fruits, vegetables bread, ugali, porridge and milk. The level of malnutrition was low with underweight at 16% stunting 4.3% and wasting 1.0%. The factors that positively correlated with child nutritional status were the age of the mother and father.
Conclusions: The children were consuming a variety of foods both at home and in school, and this together with the high literacy levels the parents/guardians could have contributed towards the good nutritional status.

East African Medical Journal Vol 82(10) 2005: 521-526
Published
2006-05-10
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 0012-835X