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Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness and Its Relation with Self- Esteem and Social Support among Psychiatric Patients

Amany A. Mohamed


Context: Mentally ill patients challenging dual difficulties that are illness and stigma. Internalized stigma is viewed as a maladaptive psychosocial phenomenon that can affect all aspects of a mentally ill patient's life.
Aim: The current study emerged, aiming to assess internalized stigma of mental illness and its relation with self-esteem and social support among psychiatric patients.

Methods: Descriptive research design was used to achieve the aim of this study. A convenience sample of one hundred hospitalized psychiatric patients were recruited for the study from inpatient units of Mental Health and Addiction Treatment Hospital in Minia governorate. The data collection tools included sociodemographic and clinical data questionnaire, Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support.

Results: The findings show that less than half of patients have a severe level of total internalized stigma score. There is a highly significant correlation between the overall internalized stigma score and its all subscales with self-esteem and social support.

Conclusions: Internalized stigma level was high among psychiatric patients. A significant negative correlation was found between the total internalized stigma score with self-esteem and social support of the studied patients. The study recommended further studies regarding educational interventions to raise awareness and decrease internalized stigma among patients with mental illness. Besides, providing support for patients and families of mentally ill patients to promote their capacity to manage and cope with stigma.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2636-400X
print ISSN: 2636-3992