Main Article Content
Context: Obesity is a significant health issue that has been considered an epidemic in the world during the last 20 years and has persistently increased over time. The World Health Organization recently reported that the worldwide prevalence of overweight among adults was more than 1.9 billion, and approximately 650 million adults were obese. Bariatric surgery remains the most successful and effective long-term option for treating morbid obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities due to the significant outcomes in long-term weight loss, resolution of obesity-related co-morbidities, reduction of cardiovascular complications, and the causes of obesity-related mortality.
Aim: This review sought to provide a comprehensive and critical summary of existing literature on the impact of bariatric surgery on patients’ satisfaction and quality of life.
Methods: A systematic search was undertaken between 2018 and 2022 with specific inclusion criteria. Search terms were determined to select the best relevant studies using a wide search in different databases, including PubMed, Medline, EBSCO, EBMR, and ERIC. The review used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines to identify the literature used in this review. The review identified fifty studies that met the eligibility criteria and were involved in this review.
Results: The result indicates that quality of life was improved in most of the studies after the different types of bariatric surgeries. Also, the satisfaction level was high in most of the retrieved studies. Besides, all co-morbidities associated with obesity were reduced significantly.
Conclusion: The findings demonstrate that each surgical procedure has negative and positive outcomes. The finding also recognized the impact of bariatric surgery in improving the patients' satisfaction, enhancing their quality of life, and remission of obesity-related co-morbidity diseases. Bariatric surgery is strongly suggested in the treatment of morbidly obese patients.