Genetic Variations in CIMMYT and Ethiopian Maize(Zea mays L.) Inbred Lines as Determined by Microsatellite Markers

  • Tsegaye Abebe
  • Leta Tulu
  • Kalkidan Tesfu
  • Wosene Gebreselassie

Abstract


Abstract
Molecular markers are more useful in identifying parental inbred lines crosses of
which create genetic variation among progenies in the advanced generation more
realistically than selection based on phenotypic data. In this study, 37 maize inbred
lines including 14 of Ethiopian and 23 of CIMMYT origin were studied using 28
microsatellite markers. Among the 23 CIMMYT inbred lines, 13 were soil acidity
tolerant lines and were recently introduced. The main objective was to identify
distantly related Ethiopian maize inbred lines and soil acidity tolerant inbred lines

of CIMMYT origin that could be used in broadening the genetic basis of maize for
tolerance to soil acidity. Analysis of molecular variance indicated higher genetic
variability (77%) among the inbred lines indicating ability of the SSR markers in
discriminating the inbred lines. One-hundred and seven alleles were identified in
the inbred lines with average of 3.71 alleles per locus. Expected hetrozygosity (He)
and major allele frequency ranged from 0.09 to 0.61 and from 0.34 to 0.95,
respectively, indicating higher genetic variability among the inbred lines, which
could be exploited in breeding program. Polymorphic information content (PIC)
generated by each marker ranged from 0.10 (Bnlg 1063) to 0.74 (Umc 2205) with a
mean of 0.50 indicating their power in discriminating the inbred lines. Nei’s genetic
distance among pairs of the 37 maize inbred lines varied from 0.16 to 0.98. Pairs of
inbred lines of Ethiopian origin had genetic distance that ranged from 0.26 to 0.98
and the highest genetic distance was in this population. Pairs of inbred lines of
Ethiopian and CIMMYT inbred lines developed for tolerance to soil acidity had
genetic distance that varied from 0.42 to 0.95 and 41.6 % of the pairs had genetic
distance of more than 0.8 indicating their potential in broadening the genetic basis
of maize for developing varieties tolerant to soil acidity. Specifically, 124-b(109)
was distantly related with five inbred lines, viz., CML359, CML360, CML361,
CML436 and CML438, and F-7215 was also distantly related with CML361 with
Nei’s genetic distance of more than 0.9. These pairs of inbred lines could be
exploited in pedigree breeding through which segregating populations can be
selected for desirable traits in combination with tolerance to soil acidity. However,
the soil acidity tolerant inbred lines have to be evaluated for adaptation to
Ethiopian environment before embarking on exploiting their potential in breeding
for tolerance to soil acidity.


Author Biography

Tsegaye Abebe

 Leta Tulu2, Kalkidan Tesfu2 and Wosene Gebreselassie3

Published
2020-04-25

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2415-2382
print ISSN: 0257-2605