The Impact of Obajana Cement Company as a Growth Pole in Obajana, Kogi State, Nigeria
The establishment of Obajana Cement Company in 2003 brought about speedy development in Obajana by deliberately or in-advertently stimulating growth and development at strategic point(s) within the region, though exhibits some problems such as rapid population increase without commensurate provision of facilities, utilities and services, as a result of which planning challenges of various dimensions originate. This research is therefore, carried out with the aim of assessing the spread and multiplier effects of the industry in the region and is fostered by the objectives which examine the pre and post Cement industry, socio spatial and economic spatial development in Obajana and the entire region. It also examines the extent of the multiplier effects induced. The data sourced for the work included primary data, through personal observation, oral interview, questionnaire administration and application of check list in a Focus Group Discussion while the secondary data was sourced from related journals, text books, the internet, news reports and encyclopaedia. The analysis of data was done by computing frequencies, and percentages. Results of analysis are discussed and presented in tables, graphs and pictures. The study found that the region of study is definitely being rapidly transformed economically, socially and physically/spatially. To check this regional development in-balance associated with the establishment of the industry, city development strategy (CDS) planning approach was recommended in all the activities/efforts aimed at fostering balanced and sustainable regional development. This approach is to be applied with paramount regard to the need for equitable regional development practice.
Key words: Economic Development, Growth pole, Multiplier effect, Regional development, Spatial development