Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics

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Ellis–van Creveld syndrome with facial dysmorphic features in an Egyptian child

RM Shawky, DI Sadik, NS Seifeldin


Ellis–van Creveld syndrome (EVC) is a chondroectodermal dysplasia. The tetrad of cardinal features includes disproportionate dwarfism, bilateral postaxial polydactyl of hands, hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, and congenital cardiac malformations. This rare condition is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait with variable expression. Mutations of the EVC1 and EVC2 genes, located in a head to head configuration on chromosome 4p16, have been identified as causative. We report a patient with the typical features of the syndrome but with facial dysmorphic features (upward slant of eyes, megalocornea and high forehead), for the first time in the literature.
AJOL African Journals Online