Assessment of pediatrics radiation dose from routine x-ray examination at Jimma University Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia
Background: Given the fact that children are more sensitive to ionizing radiation than adults,with an increased risk of developing radiation-induced cancer,special care should be taken when they undergo X-ray examinations. The main aim of the current study was to determine Entrance Surface Dose (ESD) to pediatric patients arising from routine x-ray examination in the Radiology Department of Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH).
Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on pediatric patients less than 15 years of age who visited to seek x-ray examinations in JUSH. In this study, chest (AP), skull (AP), Abdomen (AP) and Pelvic (AP) x-ray examinations were analyzed. Radiographic exposure factors were recorded in each examination. ESD was calculated using exposure parameters. The calculated ESD values were weighed against the Diagnostic Reference Level (DRL) recommended doses and similar published studies. Comparison was made among different age groups through mean comparison.
Result: The obtained ESD values were mostly higher than the values in internationally published studies and DRL for all age groups. For chest AP, the mean ESD values were 1.82mGy which is higher than similar studies in Nigeria (0.642Mgy), Brazil (o.o62mGy) and NRPB (0.050mGy) for ages of 0-1 years.
Conclusion: The higher pediatric patient dose obtained in this study is a further indicator that doses delivered to pediatric patients are not according to ALARA principle, and there is a need to optimize service and patients’ radiation exposure in JUSH in particular and in Ethiopia in general.
Keywords: Pediatrics, Radiation Dose, Exposure Parameters, X-ray, Jimma, Ethiopia