A Comparison of Three Models of Hospital Performance Assessment Using IPOCC Approach
BACKGROUND: Hospital performance measurement is an essential component of providing feedback on the efficacy and effectiveness of service. The purpose of this study was to compare three models of performance assessment through the IPOCC approach.
METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in 2018 in Sari educational hospital. The data collection instrument was BSC, EFQM and accreditation questionnaire which was filled out through census. The validity of the BSC questionnaire and EFQM was based on expert opinion, and its reliability was found to be 0.97 and 0.92 using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The accreditation questionnaire was developed using a checklist of the Ministry of Health. Using the expert panel, the components of the questionnaires were classified into dimensions of input, process, output, control, and context. Data analysis was done applying descriptive statistics and one way ANOVA.
RESULTS: The highest distribution of components and acquired points through the IPOCC approach were found in the BSC in the process dimension (58.8%) and control dimension (3.62 ± 0.56), in the EFQM, in the result dimension (40.2%) and structure dimension (3.25 ± 0.44), and in the accreditation, in the process dimension (64.4%) and control dimension (3.45 ± 0.72), respectively. The results of one-way ANOVA showed that there was a significant difference between different quality models (P<0.001).
CONCLUSION: The results of the present study showed that in evaluating the hospital through the IPOCC approach, the distribution of components was more in the dimensions of the process. Therefore, having a robust systematic approach was considered to be effective for hospitals.