Pattern and Outcome of Colorectal and Perianal Surgery in a Referral Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
BACKGROUND: Colorectal and perianal surgery encompasses a broad range of procedures to address various pathologies arising from the colon and anorectum. Data regarding the pattern and outcome of colorectal and perianal disorders requiring surgery remains largely unknown in Ethiopia.
METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional one-year review was made and all patients who were admitted and operated for colorectal and perianal disorders were included in the study. Data was collected by chart review and analyzed by SPSS version 23.
RESULT: Colorectal and perianal surgeries accounted for 14.6% of the procedures in the study period. Males constituted the major share of the study population. The mean age for perianal and colorectal pathologies were 39.6±13.7 and 44.8± 16.2 years respectively. Among the colorectal disorders redundant sigmoid was the most common indication for admission 41(34.4%) followed by colorectal neoplasms 38(31.9%) while among the perianal conditions, fistula in ano was the most common pathology accounting for 69(43.4%) of admissions followed by hemorrhoids 35(22%). The overall incidence of post-operative complications in the colorectal and perianal procedure groups was found to be 29(24.4%) and 4(2.5%) respectively. There was no mortality in the perianal group whereas there were 11(9.2%) deaths in the colorectal procedure group.
CONCLUSION: Colorectal surgeries accounted for a fair share of procedures among the other specialty units. The morbidity and mortality associated with colorectal procedures is fairly high and warrants attention.