Molecular dynamics simulations and quantum chemical calculations for the adsorption of some imidazoline derivatives on iron surface
The molecular dynamic (MD) simulation and quantum chemical calculations for the adsorption of [2-(2-Henicos-10- enyl-4,5-dihydro-imidazol-1-yl)-ethyl] methylamine (HDM) and 2-(2-Henicos-10-enyl-4,5-dihydro-imidazol-1-yl)-ethanol (HDE) on iron surface was studied using Materials Studio software. Molecular dynamic simulation results indicate that the imidazoline derivative molecules uses the imidazoline ring to effectively adsorb on the surface of iron, with the alkyl hydrophobic tail forming an n shape (canopy like covering) at geometry optimization and at 353 K. The n shape canopy like covering to a large extent may prevent water from coming in close contact with the Fe surface. The quantum chemical calculation based on the natural atomic charge, the frontier molecular orbital and the Fukui indices values and plots shows the active sites of the molecules to be mainly the N=C-N region in the imidazoline ring, others include the nitrogen and oxygen heteroatoms in the pendant part and the double bonded carbon atoms in the hydrophobic tail of the imidazoline derivative molecules. The quantum chemical calculations also reveal that the amine group in HDM and the hydroxyl group in HDE which is attached to the imidazoline ring do not result in a significant increase in the HOMO nor the LUMO density which can aid adsorption. HDM has a lower energy gap of 4.434 eV and 3.824 eV, a higher EHOMO of -4.273 eV and -4.152 eV and a higher global softness of 0.45 and 0.52 compared to HDE which have an energy gap of 4.476 eV and 4.084 eV, a EHOMO of -4.349 eV and -4.607 eV and a global softness of 0.45 and 0.49 at geometry optimization and at 353 K. The adsorption ability of the molecule is given as at geometry optimization HDM > HDE and at 353 K HDM > HDE. Theoretically HDM is a better inhibitor than HDE. The adsorption ability of the molecule is in line with the binding energy at the temperature studied.
Keywords: Molecular dynamic simulation; iron surface; adsorption; imidazoline derivatives; quantum chemical calculations