Relationship between Secondary Metabolites, Antiradical Activities, and Colour Characteristics of Cochlospermum Tinctorium A. Rich. (Bixaceae) Root
Cochlospermum tinctorium A. Rich. (Bixaceae) is a widespread herbaceous plant in the African sahelian and soudanian zones. Its root is used as food and medicinal plant. Studies of secondary metabolites, functional activities and trichromatic parameters were realized according to standard methods of laboratory. At a threshold of α = 0.05, significant correlations (p < 0.05) were found between secondary metabolites contents and functional activities such as radical scavenging activity of antioxidant component or hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. The value of DPPHH was 95.56 ± 0.94% for CT inner Matrix with variation of 0.12% for CT Soaked inner Matrix and 1.63% for CT Peeler. But HSRA was 37.14 ± 5.71 for CT inner Matrix with variation of -38.46% for CT Soaked inner Matrix and -71.79% for CT Peeler. Cochlospermum tinctorium root has exhibited efficiency to heal many diseases thanks to multiple bioactive compounds. In addition, the colour of powders depended upon chemical compounds. Finally, Cochlospermum tinctorium root was found to neutralize organic radicals and reactive oxygen species.