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Clinical presentation, radiographic findings, and treatment outcomes in children with adenoid hypertrophy in a paediatric outpatient clinic in Enugu, Nigeria

Ijeoma O. Ohuche
Nneka I. Iloanusi
Chinedu M. Dike
Ethel N. Chime


Objectives: To determine the clinical presentation, imaging features and outcomes of children with adenoid hyper-trophy in our setting.
Design: A retrospective study.
Setting: The paediatric clinic of a private hospital in Enugu.
Participants: 51 children, aged 2 to 108 months, with suggestive clinical features and radiographic report of adenoid hypertrophy who presented over 3 years
Interventions: Clinical information was obtained from the patient’s medical records. Data was analysed for the clinical characteristics of the patients, the relationship between the degree of airway narrowing on a postnasal space (PNS) radiograph and treatment outcomes.
Main outcome measures: Degree of airway narrowing as measured on a PNS radiograph, the type of and outcomes of treatment
Results: There was an almost equal male (54.7%): female (45.1%) ratio in the occurrence of adenoid hypertrophy, with a mean age of occurrence of 31.50 ± 3.64 months. Noisy breathing was the commonest symptom (94.1%); history of atopic rhinitis in 64.7% of cases and hyperactive airway disease in 45.1% more than 50% of cases with airway narrowing resolved with medical management only.
Conclusion: Adenoid hypertrophy should be considered in evaluating the upper airway in children under five. Paediatricians should be conversant with diagnosing and managing this common cause of upper airway obstruction.

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print ISSN: 0016-9560