Population based reference intervals for common blood haematological and biochemical parameters in the Akuapem north district

  • K.A Koram
  • M.M Addae
  • J.C Ocran
  • S Adu-amankwah
  • W.O Rogers
  • F.K Nkrumah
Keywords: Reference ranges, blood chemistry, blood haematology, Ghana.

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the reference intervals for commonly used blood haematology and biochemical parameters in an adult (18-55yrs) population of residents of Mampong Akuapem. Design: This was a population based cross sectional study of a randomly selected sample of the adult population of Mampong. The sample was selected from an
updated census list of the Mampong area. Results: Median values (95% range) for measured parameters were established as follows: Haemoglobin, (males) 14.2 g/dl (females) 12.0 g/dl Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), (female) 19.6 U/L (males) 26.1 U/L and Creatinine, (males) 108 mmol/L (females) 93 mmol/L. Conclusion: In comparison to reference values that are commonly used in Ghana, the haemoglobulin levels from this study were lower, and liver function parameters higher. This could be a result of genetic or environmental differences and calls for the need to establish
site specific reference values applicable to our population
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