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Implementation of antimicrobial stewardship programmes in private healthcare settings in Africa: A scoping review

Andile P. Dlungele
Lehlohonolo J. Mathibe


Background: An Antimicrobial Stewardship Programme (ASP) is one of the strategic objectives of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) global action  plan to combat antimicrobial resistance. There have been numerous publications on the implementation of ASPs in both private and public sectors  globally. However, there are no reviews and interpretive scholarly research publications on successful implementation of ASPs in private healthcare  settings in Africa.

Aim: The aim of this study was to systematically gather relevant information from published findings and to interpret those findings into a coherent body  of lessons learnt from successful ASP implemented in private healthcare settings in Africa.

Method: Google Scholar and PubMed, which are online databases, were extensively searched, and studies, which met the inclusion criteria for this  review, were retrieved. A data-charting list was developed to extract relevant data.

Results: Only six South African studies reported on successful implementation of ASPs in private healthcare settings in Africa. The main focus areas  include locally driven prescription audits as well as pharmacist-led interventions.

Conclusion: Although private healthcare settings in Africa utilise antibiotic therapy for various infectious diseases, reports on implementation of ASPs in  these settings are limited. To win the battle against antimicrobial resistance, private healthcare settings in Africa need to implement evidence-based  guidelines and report on the rational use of antibiotics.

Contribution: The private healthcare sector in Africa needs to play a more meaningful role in the  implementation of ASPs.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2071-9736
print ISSN: 1025-9848