Post-traumatic stress disorder and exposure to violence among Venda and Northern Sotho adolescents

  • K.G.F Esterhuyse
  • D.A Louw
  • J.M Bach
Keywords: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), violence, cross-cultural, adolescent, South Africa


In this study, two research questions were posed. In the first place, this study investigated the levels of exposure to violence among the adolescents as a total group (Venda- and Northern Sotho-speaking), as well as the exposure levels of the two ethnic groups. The relationship between the groups’ exposure to violence and their post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was investigated in the second place, as well as the question whether a difference existed between the two ethnic groups in respect of this relationship. The participants were comprised of 186 Venda and 151 Northern Sotho adolescents, who completed the Child PTSD Checklist (PTSDC) and the Child Exposure to Violence Form (CEVF). A large proportion of participants reported high levels of exposure to violence. Venda youth appeared to be subjected to a higher rate of victimisation than the Northern Sotho adolescents. A strong correlation was found between exposure to violence and PTSD symptoms.

Keywords: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); violence; cross-cultural; adolescent; South Africa


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2071-9736
print ISSN: 1025-9848