Influence of dimensional incentives on voters’ turnout in 2014 and 2015 gubernatorial elections in Southwestern, Nigeria
Incentives in exchange for votes during elections have become a culture in Nigeria. Past studies emphasized on monetary incentives while no known studies have been carried out on the new dimension of incentives to influence voters' turnout adopted in 2014 and 2015 gubernatorial elections in Nigeria. This paper attempts to uncover what is behind people’s voting behaviour in gubernatorial elections (2014 and 2015) in Southwestern, Nigeria using questionnaire administered to 1266 respondents and 76 respondents were interviewed. Results showed that parties' candidates distributed customized goods (69.3%), credit cards and branded goods collected in kangaroo ceremonies and social media (58.2%) to entice voters. Financial aids were given to rural women prior and during elections by traditional institutions and security agents. The paper concludes that candidates and collaborators who used any forms of incentives to entice voters or influence the outcome of elections deserve prosecution.
Key words: Incentives, Dimensional, Voters' turnout, Gubernatorial elections, Southwestern