A Review of the Conflict between Environmental Rights and Human Rights: A Panacca
AbstractMan often laid claim to different kinds of rights. These rights vary from his rights to life, bodily integrity, freedom of speech, freedom of association and right to own properties. The right to own properties is extended to own land, animals and dominate one's environment. In fact, man is always quick to use the biblical injunction in Genesis 1: 28 to corroborate his position. Here, God told man to “be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the flesh of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth”. With this in mind, man believes that he has the unrestricted right to subdue his environment in the process of eking out a living and making economic interest forgetting the fact that his sustainability does not have to necessarily lead to the degradation of his environment as Numbers 35: 33 commands us thus: “you shall not pollute the land wherein you live”. In this paper, an attempt is made to re-orientate man in his dealings with his natural environment. It shows that the relationship between man and environment is a symbiotic one. Also, it shows that “human beings are part of nature and occupy no special space” (Hussen, 2000: 81) hence man needs to respect the rights of environment just as he cherishes his own rights. Key Words: Environment, Rights, Environmental Rights, Human Rights, Panacea
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