Effect of potash on renal profile of albino wistar rats
AbstractThis study is intended to investigate the effect of Potash on renal function. Twenty four (24) Albino wistar rats with mean weight of 126.3±23.9g were used. They were subdivided into four groups -A, B, C and D (n=6 each); with A serving as control while B, C and D served as test groups. Group A received normal feed and water while B, C and D received 3.0g/kg, 6.0g/kg and 9.0g/kg of potash per body weight for 21 days respectively. At the end of the experiment, the animals were sacrificed under light anesthesia to obtain blood samples for the estimation of renal function parameters. Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Urea, Uric acid and Creatinine was analyzed
using standard analytical chemical methods. The results showed a significant (P<0.05) reduction in body weight and serum levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, urea and creatinine among the test groups. Serum levels of uric acid in the test groups were not significantly different (P>0.05) from that of the control. Our findings therefore, suggest that potash may have dosage dependent nephrotoxic and weight reduction potentials and by implication, may induce growth retardation. This indicates therefore, that potash is toxic to the kidney and there is need for further studies.
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