Assessment of Nutrient Concentration in Sokori River, Southwest Nigeria

  • AO Eruola
  • ZO Ojekunle
  • AA Amori
  • JA Awomeso
  • OE Amole
  • DE Anthony
Keywords: Nutrients, Sokori stream, Phosphate, Nitrate, Sulphate, Runoff

Abstract

Water management planners are facing considerable uncertainties on future demand and availability of  water partly due to concentration of nutrient leading to excessive unsightly growth of aquatic plants and  algal bloom in rivers. This study was carried out to assess the trend of nutrient concentration in Sokori  stream in Southwest Nigeria. The selected nutrients determined in the stream were nitrate, sulphate and phosphate, dissolved oxygen and biological oxygen demand. Water samples from 10 sampling point at  100m interval were examined to assess the variation in concentration of nutrients along the stream using  standard method. Descriptive statistics was used in data analysis. The result showed that high nutrient concentrations were established at the middle section of the stream. It is obvious that sulphate has the highest concentration (3.60 Mg/l), followed by phosphate (2.13 Mg/l) then nitrate (0.89 Mg/l). However, the nutrient concentrations in the stream were below the acceptable limit set by the World Health  Organization. Furthermore, it was observed that where the nutrients concentration (PO4 = 5.16 Mg/l, SO4,= 9.78 Mg/l, NO2 = 1.46 Mg/l) and the BOD (10.24 Mg/l) were highest at the mid – section of stream, while the DO concentration (3.63 Mg/l)  lowest indicating concentrated aquatic life (macro and micro-organisms) activity. Nutrient enrichment leads to excessive growth of primary producers as well  as  heterotrophic bacteria and fungi, which increases the metabolic activities of stream water leading to a depletion of dissolved oxygen. The low discharge of stream  and its fairly flat terrain nature also influenced the metabolic activities in the mid- section of the stream although there was no evidence of accumulation of nutrient leading to eutrophication risk.

Keywords: Nutrients, Sokori stream, Phosphate, Nitrate, Sulphate, Runoff

Published
2015-10-07
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2659-1502
print ISSN: 1119-8362