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Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management

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Effects of partial replacement of normal aggregates with lateritic stone in concrete

J.O. Afolayan, F.O.P. Oriola, J.E. Sani, J.F. Amao

Abstract


: Lateritic stones abound in the tropical and semi tropical areas of the world more than the igneous and other standard rocks that are used as concrete aggregates and road chippings. The increasing utilization of natural  aggregate for concrete production have created negative impact on the  environment. Therefore searching for alternative material which has  potential to replace the use of coarse aggregate from normalrocks in  concrete mix either wholly or partially is very much in need. This research presents the engineering properties of concrete containing lateritic  aggregate as partial coarse aggregate replacement. The coarse aggregate was replaced by 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50% with lateritic aggregate. All the specimens were cured and compressive strength test were carried out at the age of 7, 14, 21 and 28 days respectively. The result revealed that  replacement of lateritic aggregate up to 30% was able to produce lateritic concrete exhibiting the target strength which is 30 N/mm2. However, the slump decreases as the percentage of lateritic aggregate in the mix increases, this may be due to the porosity of the lateritic aggregate due to absorption of the water in the mix. The result of the two way analysis of variance shows that both lateritic aggregate and curing age (days) has significant effects of the compressive strength of concrete.

Keywords: Lateritic stone, Cement, Concrete, Compressive strength




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