PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register



DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

Cradling bias is absent in children with autism spectrum disorders

Lea-Ann Pileggi, Susan Malcolm-Smith, Michelle Hoogenhout, Kevin GF Thomas, Mark Solms

Abstract


Objective: This study investigated relations among empathy and cradling bias in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).
Method: Twenty children with ASDs and 20 typically developing (TD) children, aged 5–15 years old, cradled a doll as if it were an infant s/he was putting to sleep on three separate occasions. We recorded side preference on each occasion.
Results: Children with ASDs showed no preference for cradling side whereas TD children showed a strong left-sided preference. To the best of our knowledge, children with ASDs are the only population that does not exhibit cradling bias.
Conclusion: An absence of cradling bias and empathy deficits in ASD may be related. If so, these data support the hypothesis that leftward cradling is a characteristic of enhanced quality of caregiver-infant interaction and bonding.

Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health 2013, 25(1): 55–60



http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/17280583.2013.767262
AJOL African Journals Online