Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa

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Female authorship in major endocrinology journals: a 25-year progression

Wadei Elhakimi, Ahmed Al Othman, Mazen El Yahia, Amal Al Dawood, Sarah Al Sadiq, Mahmoud Mosli, Turki Al Ameel


Context: The number of women in academic medicine has increased significantly in recent years. However, female authors are underrepresented in major medical journals.

Objective: The aim was to determine the distribution of female first and senior authors of original articles in four American endocrinology journals over a period of 25 years.

Design: A retrospective analysis of the literature was undertaken.

Setting: Four journals were selected: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism; Thyroid; Journal of Bone and Mineral Research and Diabetes Care.

Participants: The first and senior authors of all original articles published in 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2015 were included.

Intervention: none.

Results: The main outcome measure was the distribution of female first and senior authors of original articles. A total of 4 148 articles were included. Of these, 28.9% (1 199) articles were authored by females of whom 751 (62%) were first authors. Over the study period, there was a shift towards female authorship. A statistically significant trend was observed (p < 0.001).

Keywords: authorship and gender, endocrinology

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