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Infection prevention and control assessment during the third wave of COVID-19 in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Olufunmilola Olawumi Kolude
Eyitayo Ebenezer Emmanuel
Ayomide Oluwaseyi Aibinuomo
Mary Oluwasolape Ilesanmi
Tope Michael Ipinnimo
John Ayodeji Adu
Bosede Agnes Alowooye
Olumide Tolulope Obe
Victor Onwu Amaech


Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic is still on and infection prevention and control (IPC) protocols are critical in preventing nosocomial outbreak. This study assessed IPC measures in health facilities in Ekiti State during the third wave of COVID-19

Methods: A total of 509 health facilities were assessed once weekly across the 16 local government areas (LGA) in Ekiti State between June and August 2021. A checklist was used to assess the availability of functional hand washing station, use of face masks by healthcare workers (HCWs) and availability of waste dis-aggregation management. Distribution of health facility and IPC assessment were summarized with percentages and proportions. Chi-square test was used to ascertain significance in cross-tabulation and statistical significance was defined as p<0.05.

Results: There were 2,640 visits to the health facilities with majority (87.2%) at the primary health centres. There was functional handwashing station, HCWs using facemasks and waste dis-aggregation management in 96.6%, 85.2% and 82.0% of the visits respectively to the health facilities. Statistically significant difference was observed in the availability of functioning hand washing station (p=0.004), use of face mask by HCWs (p<0.001), and presence of waste dis-aggregation (p=0.003) across public primary, secondary, tertiary, and private health facilities within the state.

Conclusion: There is a significant observation of IPC protocol as it relates to hand washing, use of face masks and waste dis-aggregation management across all the of health facilities in Ekiti State. It is desirable that this is sustained and improved upon.

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eISSN: 2664-2824