Prevalence of Cervical Dysplasia among Women in Kano Municipal Kano State, Nigeria
AbstractObjective: To determine the prevalence of Cervical dysplasia and associated risk factors in Kano municipal local government.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out using media awareness campaign under the umbrella of the Medical Women Association of Nigeria (MWAN), where the public was educated on cervical cancer and ways of preventing it. The public was encouraged to come for free cervical cancer screening at MWAN's office, in Murtala Mohammed Specialist Hospital, Kano.
Results: Seven hundred and forty (740) women were screened for cervical cancer between March and August 2008 and 536 results were retrieved, giving a retrieval rate of 72.43%. Fifty-seven women had cervical dysplasia giving a prevalence rate of 10.63%. Of the 57 women with cervical dysplasia, 21 (36.8%) had a low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LGSIL), while 36(63.2%) had a high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HGSIL). The disease was higher in grand multiparous clients (59.65%), clients with multiple sexual partners (43.85%) and those with previous history of vaginal discharge and vulvae itching (68.42%) compared to the nulliparous women.
Conclusion: Prevalence rate of cervical dysplasia in this study was 10.63% and HGSIL accounted for majority of the lesions. This underscores the need for organized screening programme for cervical cancer in Nigeria.