Government Laws And Regulations Influence On Competitive Advantage

  • Peter Mugo United States International University-Africa
  • Jimmy Macharia United States International University-Africa
Keywords: Telecommunications, Government, Competitive advantage, Kenya, Innovative Technology


Government laws and regulations are a key component to the technological changes taking place and the competitiveness and innovation experienced by Kenya's telecommunications industry. The high competition in the sector has meant that there is a need for stricter government laws and regulations that every player must observe to remain in the market. Open democratic space allows entry and exit of market players as long as the current laws are followed to the letter. This study's main objective was to explore the effect of government laws and regulations on the competitive advantage of telecommunication companies in Kenya. Using a positivist philosophy, the study adopted a descriptive research design in testing the hypothesis to establish the relationship between government laws and regulations and the competitive advantage in telecommunications companies in Kenya. The main instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire targeting 26 licensed telecommunications companies in Kenya. Data from the field was sampled using the proportionate methodology, with a sample of 247 managers responding. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were applied for this study and processed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The null hypothesis was tested using multiple regression analysis with two linear regression models through factor analysis and ANOVA. Presentation of results through percentages, standard deviation, mean, and frequencies provided a background for discussion, conclusions, and recommendations. The study results observed that government laws and regulations statistically influence the competitive advantage of telecommunications companies in Kenya (β = .273, t = 4.740, p<.05). This led to the study concluding that government laws and regulations influence the competitive advantage of telecommunications companies in Kenya. The study recommends further research to compare local laws and regulations against regional or global ones influencing competitive advantage in the telecommunications industry.

Author Biographies

Peter Mugo, United States International University-Africa

Peter Mugo is an entrepreneur, writer, and researcher. He is currently pursuing his Doctorate in Business Administration. He holds an MBA from United States International University.  His current research is on innovation in the telecommunication industry, especially during the turbulent times of COVID 19. Some of his publications include Porters Five Forces Influence on Competitive Advantage in the Telecommunication Industry in Kenya. European Journal of Business and Strategic Management5(2), 30 – 49; Role of Retailers in Shaping a Firms Strategic Direction; Process Innovation and Competitive Advantage in Telecommunication Companies. International Journal of Business Strategy and Automation (IJBSA), 1(4), 40-55. doi:10.4018/IJBSA.2020100103


Jimmy Macharia, United States International University-Africa

Jimmy is a holder of Doctor of Philosophy in Business Management from North-West University, South Africa (Management Information Systems Track). He is an Associate Professor in Information Systems and Technology, and immediate former dean, in the School of Science and Technology, United States International University. He has over 27 years of university teaching, research, consultancy, leadership, and private practice. Jimmy’s publication portfolio includes fifteen refereed journal articles, fourteen papers presented and published in international conference proceedings, and seven published teaching case studies.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1998-1279