High performance liquid chromatographic determination of ciprofloxacin in human plasma and urine and its application to pharmacokinetic studies

  • Oluseye O Bolaji Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. Nigeria.
  • Rukaiyatu A Kirim Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. Nigeria; Department of Medicinal Chemistry & Quality Control, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research & Development, Abuja, Nigeria
Keywords: Ciprofloxacin, Reversed-phase HPLC, Pharmacokinetics, Ofloxacin

Abstract

A simple, highly sensitive and selective reversed-phase HPLC assay with UV detection for the determination of ciprofloxacin in human plasma and urine was developed and validated. The drug and internal standard, ofloxacin, were extracted from plasma or urine with isopropanol:methylene chloride (1:9, v/v) and back extracted with orthophosphoric acid. Separation was achieved on a C18 reversed-phase column with a mobile phase of acetonitrile:methanol:0.1M sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate:triethylamine:glacial acetic acid (8:10:83:1:2, v/v) and UV detection at 278 nm. The chromatograms were free from interference at the retention times of ciprofloxacin and the internal standard while both compounds eluted as completely resolved peaks. The calibration curves were linear (r2 %ge; 0.996) over concentration ranges of 0.01 to 3.0 µg/ml in plasma and 0.05 to 5.0 µg/ml in urine. The method was reproducible with coefficients of variation <6% for both inter-and intra-day assays while the limits of quantitation were 10 ng/ml in plasma and 50 ng/ml in urine. Recoveries for ciprofloxacin and internal standard were >98% in both plasma and urine. The method was successfully applied to estimate the pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin after oral administration of a 500 mg dose of ciprofloxacin tablets to 12 healthy volunteers.

Key words: Ciprofloxacin; Reversed-phase HPLC; Pharmacokinetics; Ofloxacin
Journal of Pharmacy and Bioresources Vol. 2 (1) 2005: 55-64
Published
2005-10-12
Section
Articles

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