Undocumented female immigrants in the urban informal sector: An interpretative understanding to informal leadership.

  • John Mhandu
  • Vivian Besem Ojong
Keywords: Informal female leadership, informal structures, social development, undocumented immigrants


Existing studies on the second economy erroneously disregarded kind and characteristics of leadership in their economic space that which this study would view as a pathology to organisational enactment. To this effect, this paper opines the prominence to informal female leaders in informally structured organisations examining interlocking aspects that provides a solid picture of who is deemed to be a good leader. Undocumented Zimbabwean migrants in the informal sector are marred with a plethora of challenges as a result of their legal status yet like other citizen they aim to achieve the goal of social development. For informal organization to function over time, informal leaders are significant and their role appears to be incontrovertible in guaranteeing the much needed goal of social development which of late has been claimed to have remained elusive. Informal leaders rouse, inspire, and often speak to and outline development's messages and objectives. With specific reference to undocumented Zimbabwean female immigrant in the informal sector this paper unpack kinds of leadership in the informal sector at the same time offering an understanding of how they operate in informally structured organizations. In particular, the paper seeks to contribute to this board of knowledge through an exploration of distinct qualities and characteristics of informal leaders in the informal sector. The penultimate part of this paper analyzes the purposes of informal leaders which indicates that they display cognitive styles that integrate social development and economic growth. As shown in this paper, there is a positive correlation between a female informal leader's personality development and social development.

Key words: Informal female leadership, informal structures, social development, undocumented immigrants


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1012-1080