The Effect of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Nutritional Status and Anxiety Levels in Turkish Young Adults

  • Müberra Yildiz Süleyman Demirel University/Faculty of Health Science/Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Merve Esra Çitar Daziroğlu Gazi University/Faculty of Health Science/Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Gamze Akbulut Gazi University/Faculty of Health Science/Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
Keywords: Coronavirus; pandemics; eating; food; anxiety.

Abstract

Background
The pandemic called “Coronavirus Disease 2019” (COVID-19), which first appeared in China, then spread to the whole world, has had negative consequences in many areas, especially in health. The long-term quarantine process caused by the pandemic and the experienced stress had a great impact on nutritional habits.
Aim
In this study, it was aimed to determine the change in anxiety levels and eating habits of young adults after the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods
The data were obtained through an online questionnaire between April and July 2020. In the questionnaire, the general and health information of the individuals, their nutritional habits, and anthropometric measurements (height and body weight) were questioned. In addition, the food frequency questionnaire form and Beck Anxiety Inventory were applied.
Results
A total of 823 (174 males and 649 females) participants were included in the study. The median ages of males and females were 27.0 (18.0) and 26.0 (8.0), respectively. According to the results of the food frequency questionnaire; it was found that among females, the consumption of egg, cheese, milk, yogurt, pickles, fruit, onion, garlic, lemon, salad, legumes, pastry, sweets, red meat, turmeric, and herbal tea were increased significantly in the post-pandemic period; and the consumption of milk, yogurt, garlic, and lemon significantly increased in males. It was also found that the anxiety levels of the females increased statistically significantly in the postpandemic period.
Conclusion
It was determined that during the COVID-19 pandemic, there were statistically significant changes in the food intake patterns and anxiety levels of the participants. It is thought that the results obtained from this study may be a guide for further studies to determine the nutritional habits in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Published
2022-07-01
Section
Original Research

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1995-7262
print ISSN: 1995-7262