Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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Prevalence and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder among medical students in the University of Jos, Nigeria

C.N. Nwoga, M.D. Audu, A Obembe


Context: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most common consequence of traumatic experiences. The North Central Nigeria to which Plateau State belongs has witnessed many ethno‑religious crises. While previous studies suggested a high prevalence of PTSD among students, to the best of our knowledge, no such study has been reported in Nigeria.

Aims: The study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of PTSD among medical students in a university.

Materials and Methods: Cross‑sectional systematic random sampling was used to select 200 medical students. A two staged interview with questionnaire on sociodemographic variables, PTSD Checklist‑Civilian Version, Impact of Event Scale, and Composite International Diagnostic Interview was carried out. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS Inc. Released 2007. SPSS for Windows, version 16.0. Chicago, SPSS Inc. was used for statistical analysis.

Results: Prevalence of PTSD among the students was 23.5%. Previous childhood trauma and personal experiences during the crisis were significantly associated with having PTSD.

Conclusions: High prevalence rate of PTSD among medical students in Jos is an indicator of psychological consequences of the recurring crises on the inhabitants. There is a need for follow‑up and counseling/trauma healing for those identified.

Keywords: Correlates, Jos, medical students, posttraumatic stress disorder, prevalence
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