Clinical and Laboratory Profile of Patients with Epistaxis in Kano, Nigeria: A 10‑year Retrospective Review
Background: Epistaxis is a common cause of otorhinolaryngological clinic visits and admissions into accident and emergency. Severe epistaxis could remarkably alter the hemodynamic milieu of individuals and results into significant morbidity and occasional mortality. Aims: To review the clinical pattern and laboratory test results of individuals treated for epistaxis in a tertiary health care center in northern Nigeria. Methods: This study was a 10-year retrospective review of patients managed for epistaxis in the department of otorhinolaryngology, Aminu Kano teaching hospital, Kano, Nigeria. Case files of patients were retrieved, reviewed, and clinical and laboratory data were extracted. The data were analyzed using Statistical Product and Service Solution version 23. Results: A total of 256 were reviewed with 149 (58.2%) male and 107 (41.8%) female with M: F of 1.4:1. A mean age ± SD of 33.86 ± 20.06 years. Anterior epistaxis was the most prevalent, 126 (49.2%), and majority of the patients presented with severe epistaxis, 75 (29.3%). Most were treated with nasal packing, 93 (36.3%). Majority had abnormal full blood counts and clotting profile results, 158 (61.75) and 104 (40.6%), respectively. There was a significant association between patient's genotype and outcome. Anterior epistaxis and AA genotype were significant positive predictors of outcome. Conclusion: Coagulopathies, anaemia, and hemoglobinopathies are common findings among our patients with epistaxis.