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The Pattern of Hysterosalpingographic Findings in Women Being Investigated for Infertility in Nnewi, Nigeria

C.O Okafor
C.I Okafor
O.C Okpala
E Umeh


Background: Tubal occlusion is the commonest cause of female infertility in the developing societies. Hysterosalpingography remains a vital method of assessing tubal patency especially in resource limited settings such as ours. Objective: To review the pattern of hysterosalpingographic findings among women being investigated for infertility in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Nigeria over a period of five years (2001- 2005). Method: The data obtained from the request forms and radiologists' reports were analyzed using SPSS version 11. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: Of the 320 studied, 230 were found suitable for analysis. Their ages ranged from 20 to 44years (mean 32.8± 5.8years). The indications were primary infertility in 103 (44.8%), secondary infertility in 88(38.3%), while in 39(16.9%) patients the type of infertility was not specified. The reports revealed that 67(29.1%) had normal HSG. Cervical abnormalities were found in 34 (14.8%), uterine cavity abnormalities in 108(47.0%). Tubal pathologies were seen in 100(43.5%) with bilateral tubal occlusion in 43(18.7%) and bilateral hydrosalpinges in 6(2.6%) patients. Conclusion: Tubal pathology remains a major contributor to female infertility in this part of the world.

Key Words: Pattern, Hysterosalpingography, Infertility

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eISSN: 2229-7731
print ISSN: 1119-3077