Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

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Probable autoimmune causal relationship between periodontitis and Hashimotos thyroidits: A systemic review

BS Patil, S Patil, TR Gururaj


Periodontitis is a multifactorial disease with microbial dental plaque as the initiator of periodontal disease. However, the manifestation and progression of the disease is influenced by a wide variety of determinants and factors. The strongest type of causal relationship is the association of systemic and periodontal disease. Hashimotos thyroiditis has also been considered as one of the causes of periodontal disease. As a matter of fact, on an autoimmune basis, in Hashimotos disease and periodontal disease, we have made an attempt to derive the common mechanisms, with an evidence base. The need for this kind of review was due to the fact that the outcome of periodontal therapy did not give the expected results in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Hence, a possible link between Hashimotos thyroiditis and periodontitis was considered.
AJOL African Journals Online