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Background: The World Health Organisation (WHO) acknowledges hypertension as a rising global public health concern with heavy morbidity and mortality burdens in low-and-medium income (LMIC) countries. Recent trends also reportedly implicate younger populations. Assessing the knowledge of risk factors and complications of hypertension among university undergraduates was the main objective of this study.
Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted among 365 students selected by multi-stage sampling method cutting across diverse disciplines and years of study. Structured, self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection; and SPSS (version 25) for data analysis. Results 2 were presented in tables and chi-square (x ) test was used to test for associations (p ≤ 0.05).
Results: Most of the respondents were less than 30 years old (97.2%), unmarried (93.7%) and 53.2% were males. Only 14.8% and 23% of them had at least good knowledge of risk factors and complications of hypertension, respectively. Family members (58.9%), medical personnel (43.3%) and the electronic media (39.5%) were the main sources of information. Marital status and courses of study were statistically significant determinants of knowledge of complications of hypertension.
Conclusions: The need to address existing knowledge gaps (by stakeholders within and outside the health sector) regarding hypertension among young people with a view to promoting healthy lifestyles in advance and preventing the onset of hypertension as well as it's attendant complications is advocated.