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Background: Oesophageal varices are common sequelae of cirrhosis, which when they bleed can be difficult to control. Oesophageal variceal band ligation, being the best modality for controlling variceal bleeding has not been common practice in West Africa, a region recognized to have a high prevalence of liver diseases. We present a case of band ligation of the varices of a patient that presented to our hospital with variceal haemorrhage, secondary to liver cirrhosis.
Method: We started by presenting a summary of the presentation of a 31 year old man at the Jos University Teaching Hospital and how we established the diagnosis of grade IV bleeding oesophageal varices. The subject had four bands applied to the oesophageal varices using a saeed six shooter oesophageal Multi-band ligator (North Carolina, USA) using a forward- viewing GIF P30 gastroscope (Tokyo, Japan) with the bands mounted on an Opti-vu barrel- shaped piece. He had a total of three sessions after which he was maintained on propranolol.
Result: The last recheck endoscopy demonstrated obliterated varices after which he was maintained on propranolol.
Conclusion: We present a case of successful variceal band ligation of a cirrhotic with extensive oesophageal varices presenting in a resource- constraint medical setting.
Date accepted for publication: 10th October 2007
Nigerian Journal of Medicine Vol. 17 (1) 2008 pp. 110-111