The influence of food fads and fallacies on food habit and consumption pattern of diabetic patients in Federal Medical Center Umuahia Abia State Nigeria
Background: Nutritionists, health professionals, and the public are concerned about the increasing number of misinformation on foods and nutrition available; such misinformation results in economic and nutritional exploitation of the public.
Objective: The study assessed the influence of food fads and fallacies on food habits and consumption pattern of diabetic patients in Federal Medical Center Umuahia, Abia State Nigeria.
Methods: The study was a cross sectional design. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the 30 respondents who visited the hospital for check up on the day of the survey. Questionnaire and interview were the instruments for data collection. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze food habits and consumption pattern, mean and standard deviation was used for food fads and fallacies while inferential statistics (point bi-serial correlation) was used to assess the influence of food fads and fallacies on food habits.
Results: The results revealed that 53.3% of the respondents were males, 46.7%were females, 50.0% had secondary education and 46.7% were between ages 51-60 years. The main food fads and fallacies among diabetics identified included that semolina is better for diabetic patients (4.30±0.84) and eating bitter foods can cure diabetes (4.07±0.78). No significant relationship existed between meal skipping and food fads and fallacies.
Conclusion: Food fads and fallacies existed among diabetes patients as many of the fads and fallacies had means above the average of 3.00. Therefore, correct and authentic information concerning foods should be made available to all through multiple channels.
Keywords: Food habit, fads, fallacies, diabetes and food
Manuscripts are accepted for publication with the understanding that no substantial part has been, or will be published elsewhere. By submitting a manuscript, the authors agree that the copyright is transferred to the publisher if and when the articles, including reprints, photographic reproduction and translation are published. Copyright owner is the Nutrition Society of Nigeria. An abstract at the beginning of an article may be reproduced without specific permission provided the original citation is provided. Statements made and opinions expressed in letters to the editor, editorials, presidential address, book reviews, and other special articles appearing in this journal are views of the author(s) and do not necessary reflect the position of the journal or the Nutrition Society of Nigeria.