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Nutrient Adequacy of Complementary Foods Fed to Infants 6-24 Months in Urban and Rural Communities in Osun State, Nigeria

BO Ogunba
IO Akinyele


Objective: To determine the nutrient adequacy of complementary foods fed to children in Osun State, Nigeria. Method: A cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the nutrient content of complementary foods in Osun State. Stratified random sampling procedure was used to select 299 mothers with children between the ages of 6-24 months in urban and rural communities. Information on complementary feeding practices of mothers was obtained using structured interview schedule and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Data were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages, means and student t- test.
Results: Results from twenty-four (24h) recall revealed that children between the ages of 0-6 months were fed complementary foods at least once. Specifically, in the urban communities 9.5% were fed once, 23.8% twice, 30.3% three times, and 25.6% four times a day. In the rural communities, 3.9% were fed once, 20.6% of the children were fed two times, 29.8% three times, and 28.5% four times a day. Twenty-four (24h) recall of snack consumption revealed that 13.5% and 14.3% of the children do not consume snacks at all, while 7.2% and 10.3% consumed snacks four times in the urban and rural communities, respectively. Mean nutrient consumption of the urban communities was 733.7kcal energy; 9.8g protein; 4.3mg Fe; 99.5mg Ca, and 121.7μg vitamin A. In the rural communities, the figures were 698.7kcal for energy, 7.1g protein, 2.7mg Fe, 68.4mg Ca and 188.3 μg vitamin A which were inadequate to meet their recommended nutrient intakes (RNI). Conclusion: Nutrients in complementary foods were inadequate especially in Fe, Ca, and Zn. It is recommended that mothers should be informed about the nutrient content in foods and the right quantities needed by their children for normal growth and development.

Keywords: Nutrient adequacy, complementary foods, snacks consumption, infants, rural/urban communities

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eISSN: 2805-4008
print ISSN: 0189-0913