Main Article Content
Results: Results from twenty-four (24h) recall revealed that children between the ages of 0-6 months were fed complementary foods at least once. Specifically, in the urban communities 9.5% were fed once, 23.8% twice, 30.3% three times, and 25.6% four times a day. In the rural communities, 3.9% were fed once, 20.6% of the children were fed two times, 29.8% three times, and 28.5% four times a day. Twenty-four (24h) recall of snack consumption revealed that 13.5% and 14.3% of the children do not consume snacks at all, while 7.2% and 10.3% consumed snacks four times in the urban and rural communities, respectively. Mean nutrient consumption of the urban communities was 733.7kcal energy; 9.8g protein; 4.3mg Fe; 99.5mg Ca, and 121.7μg vitamin A. In the rural communities, the figures were 698.7kcal for energy, 7.1g protein, 2.7mg Fe, 68.4mg Ca and 188.3 μg vitamin A which were inadequate to meet their recommended nutrient intakes (RNI). Conclusion: Nutrients in complementary foods were inadequate especially in Fe, Ca, and Zn. It is recommended that mothers should be informed about the nutrient content in foods and the right quantities needed by their children for normal growth and development.
Keywords: Nutrient adequacy, complementary foods, snacks consumption, infants, rural/urban communities