Central nervous system depressant activity of Russelia equisetiformis

  • O.T Kolawole
  • J.M Makinde
  • O.A olajide
Keywords: Russelia equisetiformis, Phenobarbitone, stereotypy, anticonvulsant, Picrotoxin, amphetamine.

Abstract

The central nervous system depressant activity of the crude methanol extract (REC) and fractions (RE1, RE2, and RE3) of Russelia equisetiformis were evaluated in mice using the following models: amphetamine – induced stereotypy, picrotoxin – induced convulsion and phenobarbitone sleeping time. At 200-400mg/kg, REC significantly increased phenobarbitone-sleeping time (p< 0.05) in a dose- dependent manner and also reduced the sleep latency significantly (p< 0.05). The fractions, at doses 1.5mg/kg for RE1 and 20mg/kg for RE2 and RE3 also significantly prolonged Phenobarbitone sleeping time and sleep latency (p< 0.05). Picrotoxin – induced convulsion was not prevented by 100- 400mg/kg of REC but this dose range significantly prolonged seizure latency. A significant reduction (p< 0.05) in amphetamine – induced stereotype behavior was observed with 200mg/kg REC, but there was no protection against amphetamine – induced mortality. The results of this study suggest that Russelia equisetiformis methanol extract possesses central nervous system depressant activities.
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eISSN: 0794-859X