PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH

Nigerian Journal of Technological Research

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register



DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

Antibacterial activity of eight medicinal plants against Diarrhoea pathogens

TB Saidu, M Galadima, ME Abalaka, AA Jigam

Abstract


The studies involve the phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of leaf extracts eight medicinal plants. The selected plants were Timarindus indica, Guiera senegalensis, Prosopis africana, Deterium  microcarpum, Citrus aurantifolia, Psidium guajava, Acacia nilotica and Momordica charantia. Methanolics  and aqueous leaf extracts revealed the presences of alkaloids, tannins, phenols and flavonoid in high  amount in most of the plants. Volatile oil was only detected in C. aurantifolia. Clinical isolates of Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris and Citrobaceter sp. were tested for susceptibility to the extracts. The methanolic and aqueous extracts of P. africana  exhibited high antibacterial activity with 100% inhibition of all isolates. D. microcarpum showed 100% and 50% activity for aqueous and methanolic extracts respectively while the aqueous extract of G. senegalensis and A. nilotica showed 83.5% inhibition. The MIC and MBC was determined only on the extract that exhibited high activity (10-20mm zones of inhibition) on the tested organisms. The MIC of highly active extract of P. africana and aqueous of G. senegalensis and D. microcarpum were observed to be lower for all isolate (0.156mg/ml - 0.625mg/ml) than the less active extract (2.5mg/ml and 10-40mg/ml). the results obtained in this study shows that P. africana, G. senegalensis, D. microcarpum and T. indica are potentials sources of antimicrobial agents.

Keywords: Antibactrial activity, Medicinal plants, Diarrhoeal patogens, Selected plants, Phytochemical screening .




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njtr.v10i1.S14
AJOL African Journals Online