Awareness and knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus post exposure prophylaxis among Nigerian Family Physicians

  • Patricia A Agaba
  • Emmanuel I Agaba
  • Amaka N Ocheke
  • Comfort A Daniyam
  • Maxwell O Akanbi
  • Edith N Okeke

Abstract

Background: To determine the level of awareness and knowledge of HIV postexposure prophylaxis (HIV PEP) and determinants of adequate knowledge among Family Physicians in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross‑sectional questionnaire‑based survey conducted among 175 Family Physicians at two national conferences. Results: Majority (97.7%) of the respondents was aware of the concept of HIV PEP and 99.4% believed it was effective in preventing HIV transmission. Over two third of our respondents had been exposed to NSI; however, less than 25% of those exposed received PEP. There was high level of knowledge of the various high‑risk body fluids as well as types of high‑risk exposures. 93.9% of our respondents knew that HIV PEP should commence within 1 h of exposure, 83.3% knew the correct duration of HIV PEP, but only 57.0% knew the ideal PEP regimen for high‑risk exposures. The total mean score for our respondents was 17.8±2.9 with 79.4% having an adequate score. Being a junior doctor and male sex were associated with adequate knowledge. Conclusion: This study shows that despite high levels of awareness and knowledge of HIV PEP, access to its use among family physicians in Nigeria is still sub‑optimal.

Keywords: Family physicians, HIV PEP, Nigeria

Nigerian Medical Journal | Vol. 53 | Issue 3 | July-September | 2012

Author Biographies

Patricia A Agaba
Department of Family Medicine, AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria Plus, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Emmanuel I Agaba
Department of Medicine, AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria Plus, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Amaka N Ocheke
Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University of Jos
Comfort A Daniyam
Department of Medicine, AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria Plus, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Maxwell O Akanbi
Department of Medicine, AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria Plus, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Edith N Okeke
Department of Medicine, AIDS Prevention Initiative Nigeria Plus, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Published
2014-07-09
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2229-774X
print ISSN: 0300-1652