Prevalence and pattern of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria

  • CO Ifeadike
  • OC Ironkwe
  • POU Adogu
  • CC Nnebue
  • OF Emelumadu
  • SA Nwabueze
  • CF Ubajaka

Abstract

Background: In developing countries, biological contaminants largely bacteria and other parasites constitute the major causes of food‑borne diseases often transmitted through food, water, nails, and fingers contaminated with faeces. Accordingly, food‑handlers with poor personal hygiene could be potential sources of infections by these micro‑organisms. Objective: This study was aimed at determining the prevalence and pattern of bacteria and intestinal parasites among food handlers in the Federal Capital Territory. Materials and Methods: The study was a descriptive one in which a multistage sampling technique was employed to select 168 food handlers of various types. Subjects’ stool, urine, and fingernail analyses were carried out and the result scientifically scrutinized. Results: Fingernail bacteria isolates include: E. Coli (1.8%), coagulase‑negative staphylococcus (17.9%), Staphylococcus aureus(7.1%), Klebsiella species (2.4%), Serratia species (1.2%), Citrobacter species (1.2%), and Enterococcus species (1.8%). The subjects’ stool samples tested positive: For A. lumbricoides (14.9%), T. trichuria(1.8%), S. starcolaris (3.0%), E. histolytica (10.7%), G. lambilia (1.8%), S. mansoni (1.2%), and Taenia species (4.8%). Furthermore, 42.3% and 15.5% of the stool specimen tested positive for Salmonella and Shigella species, respectively. Conclusion: Food establishments should screen and treat staff with active illness, and regularly train them on good personal and workplace hygiene practices.

Keywords: Bacteria, federal capital territory, food handlers, intestinal parasites

Nigerian Medical Journal | Vol. 53 | Issue 3 | July-September | 2012

Author Biographies

CO Ifeadike
Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University/ Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, PMB 5025 Nnewi Anambra State
OC Ironkwe
I O Chuks Atlas Health Care Services LTD, Garki 11, Abuja
POU Adogu
Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University/ Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, PMB 5025 Nnewi Anambra State
CC Nnebue
Institute of Human Virology/ Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi
OF Emelumadu
Institute of Human Virology/ Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi
SA Nwabueze
Institute of Human Virology/ Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi
CF Ubajaka
Institute of Human Virology/ Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi
Published
2014-07-12
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 2229-774X
print ISSN: 0300-1652