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Nigerian Medical Journal

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Hepatitis B Virus infection in Nigeria – a review

G.O Emechebe, I.J Emodi, A.N Ikefuna, G.C Ilechukwu, W.C Igwe, O.S Ejiofor, C.A Ilechukwu#

Abstract


Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is a pandemic and chronic infection may lead to chronic liver diseases which are often lethal. This review was done to assess the status of hepatitis B virus infection in Nigeria. Materials and Method: Source of information was mainly from published works in Nigeria and elsewhere. The information was extracted over period of 5months from May to December 2007. Result: Since over 30years when pioneer works were done in Nigeria to the recent times the prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection has remained very high. In Nigeria, the transmission of hepatitis B virus occurs mainly during childhood and all the risk factors (like blood transfusion, sexual promiscuity, lower socioecomic status etc) implicated elsewhere in the spread of the virus in the general population also play role in Nigeria. Conclusion: Reduction in the of hepatitis B virus infection could be achieved by public enlightenment campaign, mass immunization of the children and adults at risk while antiviral drugs and immunostimulatory therapy should be provided for those already infected.



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