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Pan African Medical Journal

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Severe ocular sequelae of congenital toxoplasmosis: Huge macular scar

F Zahir, M Abdellaoui, S Younes, IA Benatiya, H Tahri

Abstract


Retinochoroiditis is the most common ocular manifestation of congenital toxoplasmosis, but other associated ophthalmological pathologies can also occur. Ophthalmologists are rarely able to distinguish between toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis due to infection acquired before or after birth, unless other clinical or serological indications are present. This article reports a case of a 3-year-old boy with abnormalities suggestive of congenital toxoplasmosis. The clinical and complementary examinations are discussed. The education of pregnant women is crucial for the prevention of congenital toxoplasmosis. Awareness of antenatal and postnatal presenting signs and symptoms is important for clinicians, because early diagnosis and treatment may minimize sequelae. Untreated, the majority of affected infants will develop  chorioretinitis, deafness and/or neurological symptoms.



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