Measles outbreak in a poorly vaccinated region in Cameroon: a case series study, public health challenges and recommendations

  • Tsi Njim
  • Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
  • Fambombi Vitalis Feteh
  • Joel Mbigha Ngum
  • Chandini Aliyou Moustapha
Keywords: Measles, outbreaks, Cameroon

Abstract

Measles is a highly contagious viral infection and still a leading cause of vaccine-preventable deaths in Africa; especially in unvaccinated populations. We reviewed the medical reports of the measles outbreak that occurred in Misaje, in the North west region of Cameroon from 11/03/2015 to 14/05/2015. Six measles cases were recorded during this period; three of them complicated by bacterial infections. Measles should be considered as a differential diagnosis for any febrile rash especially among poorly vaccinated populations. Primary preventive methods implemented by clinicians could help control outbreaks; especially with delays in public health intervention. Also, gaps in health policies in Cameroon should be addressed to scale up  vaccination coverage in remote communities like Misaje to reduce the incidence of measles outbreaks.

Key words: Measles, outbreaks, Cameroon

Published
2016-04-01
Section
Articles